The Battle of Midway, fought in June 1942, must be considered one of the most decisive battles of World War Two. The Battle of Midway effectively destroyed Japan's naval strength when the Americans destroyed four of its aircraft carriers. Japan's navy never recovered from its mauling at Midway and it was on the defensive after this battle.
Ferdinand Foch became supreme commander of Allied forces in World War One. Foch, along with Joseph Joffre and Philippe Pétain became one of the three most prominent French military officers in the war. Ferdinand Foch Ferdinand Foch was born in 1851 in Tarbes in the Hautes-Pyrenees. Foch fought in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71 and became an artillery specialist.
Medieval manor houses were owned by Medieval England's wealthy - those who were at or near the top of the feudal system. Few original Medieval manor houses still exist as many manor houses were built onto over the next centuries. For this reason, you have to look at Tudor and Stuart manors to find where Medieval architecture existed and where it was 'improved'.
Zero Option was the name given to the top secret plan to move the government out of London if it had to. Zero Option meant that London had become ungovernable and that another safe location was needed. The shock of the V1 was compounded by the V2. Whereas the V1 could be destroyed in flight, the V2 could not.
Dwight Eisenhower was the Allies Supreme Commander in the lead up to D-Day and in the actual landings in Normandy. He commanded the Allied forces in the last great counter-attack by the Germans in World War Two - the Battle of the Bulge. Eisenhower was one of the most important generals of World War Two and one who went on to greater success as president of America from 1953 to 1961.
The Siege of Sebastopol took place in 1942, after the Russian failure to re-take Kharkov. The Germans had to take Sebastopol if they were to fulfill their aim in completing the southern arm of Operation Barbarossa - taking the oil fields of the Middle East. Sebastopol was a port in the Black Sea. As such, the city had a strategic value to the Germans in their drive south-east to the oil fields.