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St Paul II CA-73 - History

St Paul II CA-73 - History


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St Paul II CA-73

St. Paul II

(CA-73: dp. 13,600, 1. 673'5"; b. 70'10", dr. 26'5"; s. 32 k.; cpl. 1,700; a. 9 8", 12 5", 48 40mm.. 22 20mm., 4 ac.; cl. Baltimore)

The second St. Paul (CA-73), ex-Rochester, was laid down on 3 February 1943 by the Bethlehem Steel Co. Quincy, Mass., launched on 16 September 1944; sponsored by Mrs. John J. McDonough, and commissioned on 17 February 1945, Capt. Ernest H. von Heimburg in command.

After shakedown in the Caribbean, St. Paul departed Boston on 15 May 1945 and headed for the Pacific. From 8 to 30 June, she underwent training out of Pearl Harbor and sailed on 2 July to join Task Force 38. This fast carrier striking force completed replenishment at sea on the 23d and then proceeded to launching points for strikes against Honshu, Japan's largest island. Between 24 July and 10 August, St. Paul screened the carriers as they delivered heavy air strikes on Kure, Kobe, and the Tokyo area in southern Honshu, then at Maizuru and various airfields in northern Honshu. During this period, St. Paul also bombarded industrial targets: first on textile mills at Hamamatsu during the night of 29 July, and then on 9 August at iron and steel works in Kamaishi, firing the war's last hostile salvo from a major ship. Typhoon warnings canceled air operations on 11 August until the 14th. Then those launched that morning were recalled, after peace negotiations gave promise of Japan's surrender. On the 15th, all offensive operations against Japan were stopped.

St. Paul, with other units of the 3d Fleet, retired to the southeast to patrol the coast while awaiting orders. On the 27th, she steamed into Sagami Wan to support United States occupation forces On 1 September, she entered Tokyo Bay and was there during the formal surrender ceremony the next day.

St. Paul remained in Japanese waters for occupation duty until she was ordered to Shanghai on 5 November to become flagship of TF 73. She navigated the Whangpoo River, anchored off the Shanghai Bund on 10 November, and remained there until late in 1946.

Returning to the Naval Shipyard, Terminal Island, Calif., on 1 October, she was overhauled to prepare for additional Far East duty. From 1 January to 15 Feb" wary 1947, she conducted refresher training at San Diego.

Following her return to Shanghai in March, St. Paul resumed operations as flagship for CTF 71 until returning to the United States in November. Next came training operations along the west coast including cruises for Naval Reservists during April and May 1948. From August to December of that year, she deployed to the western Pacific, serving in Japanese and Chinese waters. Back in the United States, she was converted from catapult to helicopter configuration before serving again in the Far East from April through October 1949.

When hostilities broke out in Korea in June 1950, St. Paul was conducting a midshipman training cruise from San Francisco to Pearl Harbor. She disembarked the future naval officers and proceeded late in July to the western Pacific where she joined Task Group (TG) 77.3 on patrol in the Formosa Strait. St. Paul remained on patrol between Formosa and mainland China from 27 August to 1 November. She then moved north into the Sea of Japan to join carrier TF 77, and commenced combat operations off the northeast coast of Korea on 9 November. On the 17th, she provided gunfire support to the United Nations troops advancing on ChongJin. That day, shrapnel from a near miss by a shell from a Communist shore battery injured six men at gun mount stations. The cruiser destroyed the enemy emplacement with counter-battery fire and continued her support mission.

As the Chinese Communists began massive attacks late in November, United Nations forces commenced a general withdrawal to consolidate and hold south of the 38th parallel. Paul provided close support for the Republic of Korea I Corps on their east flank as they withdrew from Hapsu, and along the coast, as they retired from Chongjin. On 2 December, she moved north again, conducted night harassing missions above Chongjin, then moved south to support the withdrawal of the Republic of Korea Capital Division to Kyong Song Man. She entered the harbor at Wonsan on the 3d to provide a curtain of shellfire around that city as United Nations forces and equipment were moved to Hungnam; then followed the forces there, and remained to cover the evacuation of that city and harbor between 10 and 24 December.

From 21 to 31 January 1951, St. Paul conducted shore bombardment missions north of Inchon where, on 26 January, she was again fired upon by shore batteries. On 7 April, in special TF 74, with destroyers Wallace L. Lind (DD-703), and Massey (DD-778), Fort Marion (LSD-22) and Begor (APD-127), St. Paul helped to carry out raids on rail lines and tunnels utilizing 250 commandos of the 41st Independent Royal Marines. These highly successful destructive raids slowed down the enemy's resupply efforts, forcing the Communists to attempt to repair or rebuild the rail facilities by night while hiding the work crews and locomotives in tunnels by day.

St. Paul returned to the United States for yard work at San Francisco from June to September, then conducted underway training before sailing on 5 November for Korea. She arrived off Wonsan on 27 November and commenced gun strike missions. During the following weeks, she bombarded strategic points at Hungnam, SongJin, and Chongjin. In December, she served as an antiaircraft escort for TF 77, and, following a holiday trip to Japan, returned to operations off the coast of North Korea. In April 1952, St. Paul participated in combined air-sea attacks against the ports of Wonsan and ChongJin. On the 21st, while the cruiser was engaged in gun fire support operations, a sudden and serious powder fire broke out in her forward 8-inch turret. Thirty men died. Before returning to Japan, however, she carried out gunstrikes on railroad targets near Songjin, during which she captured nine North Koreans from a small boat. Following a brief stay in port and two weeks on the gun line, she headed home and reached Long Beach on 24 June.

On 28 February 1953, St. Paul departed the west coast for her third Korean tour and was in action again by April. In mid-June, she assisted in the recapture of Anchor Hill. With battleship, New Jersey (BB62), she provided close support to the Republic of Korea army in a ground assault on this key position south of Kosong. The cruiser was fired upon many times by 75 and 105-millimeter guns, and observed numerous near misses, some only ten yards away. But on 11 July at Wonsan, she received her only direct hit from a shore battery. No one was wounded, and only her 3-inch antiaircraft mount was damaged. On 27 July, at 2159, she conducted her last gunstrike and had the distinction of firing the last round shot at sea in the war. The shell, autographed by Rear Admiral Harry Sanders, was fired at an enemy gun emplacement The truce was effective at 2200. Paul then commenced patrol duties along the east coast of Korea.

St. Paul returned to the western Pacific again in May 1954; and, later that year, she was on hand when the Chinese Communists were threatening the Nationalist Chinese islands of the Quemoy group. Between 19 November 1954 and 12 July 1955, she operated with the 7th Fleet in Japanese and Chinese waters, particularly between Taiwan and the Chinese mainland, playing a major role in protecting United States interests in the Far East. She returned to Long Beach for repairS and overhaul, but was back in the western Pacific from 15 August 1955 to 10 January 1956 serving as flagship for the 7th Fleet.

St. Paul returned to Long Beach in February and subsequently moved to Bremerton, Wash., for upkeep and overhaul. In September, she became flagship for the 1st Fleet and entertained the Secretary of the Navy during a fleet review at Long Beach. She departed that port on 6 November; and, after refresher training at San Diego, arrived at Yokosuka, Japan, on the 29th to relieve Rochester as flagship of the 7th Fleet. She spent most of her time in Keelung or Kaohsiung, Taiwan, with periods of training in the Philippines and port calls at Buckner Bay, Hong Kong Manila, and Sasebo. On 26 April 1957, she headed home.

St. Paul arrived at Long Beach on 21 May and subsequently cruised along the west coast, as far north as Seattle, until she sailed once more on 3 February 1958 for the Far East. She made an extensive cruise beginning at Pearl Harbor. Thence she steamed to Wellington, New Zealand; proceeded past Guadalcanal and north through the Solomons to New Georgia visited the Carolines; and ended at Yokosuka on 9 March. She repeated her past WestPac deployments with duties as flagship, and exercises in the Philippines, before returning to Long Beach on 25 August.

Sailing from Long Beach on 4 May 1959, St. Paul became the first major United States Navy ship to be homeported in the Far East since pre-World War II days. Based at Yokosuka, she did not return to Long Beach until 39 months later. Then, she assumed duties as 1st Fleet flagship and did not return to WestPac until 1965. From that year, she made five successful deployments with the 7th Fleet in operations off North and South Vietnam providing gunfire support to allied troops. Reminiscent of her Korean operations, St. Paul was hit on 2 September by a shell which struck her starboard bow, near the water line. None of her crew was injured; and her engineers repaired the slight damage, enabling her to continue her mission. For her splendid record of service in helping to combat Communist aggression in South Vietnam, St. Paul earned the Navy Unit Commendation and two Meritorious Unit Commendations.

At San Diego on 7 December 1970, St. Paul began inactivation procedures. She sailed to Bremerton Wash., on 1 February 1971 where she was decommissioned on 30 April and was placed in reserve with the Puget Sound Group of the Pacific Reserve Fleet.

St. Paul earned one battle star for World War II service, eight battle stars for Korean service, and eight battle stars for Vietnam service.


St Paul II CA-73 - History

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Contents

World War II

After shakedown in the Caribbean Sea, Saint Paul departed Boston, Massachusetts, on 15 May 1945 and headed for the Pacific. From 8–30 June, she underwent training out of Pearl Harbor and sailed on 2 July to join Task Force 38 (TF 38). This fast carrier striking force completed replenishment at sea on 23 July and then proceeded to launching points for strikes against Honshū, Japan's largest island. From 24 July to 10 August, Saint Paul screened the carriers as they delivered heavy air strikes on Kure, Kobe, and the Tokyo area in southern Honshū, then at Maizuru and various airfields in northern Honshū. During this period, Saint Paul also bombarded industrial targets: first on textile mills at Hamamatsu during the night of 29 July, and then on 9 August at iron and steel works in Kamaishi, firing the war's last hostile salvo from a major ship. Typhoon warnings canceled air operations from 11–14 August. Then, those launched that morning were recalled, after peace negotiations gave promise of Japan's surrender. On 15 August, all offensive operations against Japan were stopped.

Saint Paul, with other units of the Third Fleet, retired to the southeast to patrol the coast while awaiting orders. On 27 August, she steamed into Sagami Wan to support United States occupation forces. On 1 September, she entered Tokyo Bay and was there during the formal surrender ceremony the next day.

Post-World War II

Saint Paul remained in Japanese waters for occupation duty until she was ordered to Shanghai on 5 November to become flagship of TF 73. She navigated the Whangpoo River, anchored off the Shanghai Bund on 10 November she remained there until early in 1946. On 21 December 1945 she was in collision with the Chinese (ex-Japanese) landing craft LST144, which was driven against the bow of Saint Paul by the force of the current. The landing craft sustained severe damage, the cruiser slight damage to the bow area. [1]

On 7 January 1946, Saint Paul departed Shanghai in company with Keith and returned to the Naval Shipyard, Terminal Island, California, on 28 January 1946 for a brief refit to make good the collision damage. In May, the ship made a round trip to Pearl Harbor. Returning to Terminal Island on 1 August, she was overhauled to prepare for additional Far East duty. [2] From 1–15 February 1947, she conducted refresher training at San Diego, California.

Following her return to Shanghai in March, Saint Paul resumed operations as flagship for TF 71 until returning to the United States in November. Next, came training operations along the West Coast, including cruises for Naval Reservists from April–May. From August–December, she deployed to the western Pacific, serving in Japanese and Chinese waters. Back in the United States, she was converted from catapult to helicopter configuration before serving again in the Far East from April through October 1949.

Korean War

When hostilities broke out in the Korean War in June 1950, Saint Paul was conducting a midshipman training cruise from San Francisco, California, to Pearl Harbor. She disembarked the future naval officers and proceeded late in July to the western Pacific where she joined Task Group 77.3 (TG 77.3) on patrol in the Formosa Strait. Saint Paul remained on patrol between Formosa and mainland China from 27 August to 1 November. She then moved north into the Sea of Japan to join TF 77, and commenced combat operations off the northeast coast of Korea on 9 November. On 17 November, she provided gunfire support to the United Nations troops advancing on Chongjin. That day, shrapnel from a near miss by a shell from a Communist shore battery injured six men at gun mount stations. The cruiser destroyed the enemy emplacement with counter-battery fire and continued her support mission.

As the Chinese Communists began massive attacks late in November, United Nations forces commenced a general withdrawal to consolidate and hold south of the 38th parallel. Saint Paul provided close support for the Republic of Korea I Corps on their east flank as they withdrew from Hapsu, and along the coast, as they retired from Chongjin. On 2 December, she moved north again, conducted night harassing missions above Chongjin, then moved south to support the withdrawal of the Republic of Korea Capital Division to Kyongsong Man. She entered the harbor at Wonsan on 3 December to provide a curtain of shellfire around that city as United Nations forces and equipment were moved to Hungnam then followed the forces there, and remained to cover the evacuation of that city and harbor between 10 December and 24 December. The restored SS Lane Victory was one of the ships protected by her cover fire.

From 21–31 January 1951, Saint Paul conducted shore bombardment missions north of Inchon where, on 26 January, she was again fired upon by shore batteries. On 7 April, in TF 74, with Wallace L. Lind, Massey, Fort Marion and Begor, Saint Paul helped to carry out raids on rail lines and tunnels utilizing 250 commandos of the 41st Independent Royal Marines. These highly successful destructive raids slowed down the enemy's resupply efforts, forcing the Communists to attempt to repair or rebuild the rail facilities by night while hiding the work crews and locomotives in tunnels by day.

Saint Paul returned to the United States for yard work at San Francisco, California, from June to September, then conducted underway training before sailing on 5 November for Korea. She arrived off Wonsan on 27 November and commenced gun strike missions in support of the UN blockade. During the following weeks, she bombarded strategic points at Hungnam, Songjin, and Chongjin. In December, she served as an antiaircraft escort for TF 77, and, following a holiday trip to Japan, returned to operations off the coast of North Korea. In April 1952, Saint Paul participated in combined air-sea attacks against the ports of Wonsan and Chongjin.

On 21 April, while the cruiser was engaged in gun fire support operations, a sudden and serious powder fire broke out in her forward 8-inch (203 mm) turret. Thirty men died. The explosion occurred in the turret's left gun, which was loaded but had the breech open. The gun captain thought the weapon had fired and told the gun's rammerman to ram another projectile into the gun's breech. The gun blew up, setting off two other powder bags in the powder hoist. [3]

Before returning to Japan for repairs, however, Saint Paul carried out gunstrikes on railroad targets near Songjin, during which she captured nine North Koreans from a small boat. Following a brief stay in port and two weeks on the gun line, she headed home and reached Long Beach, California, on 24 June.

On 28 February 1953, Saint Paul departed the West Coast for her third Korean tour and was in action again by April. In mid-June, she assisted in the recapture of Anchor Hill. With New Jersey, she provided close support to the Korean Army in a ground assault on this key position south of Kosong. The cruiser was fired upon many times by 75 mm and 105 mm guns, and observed numerous near misses, some only ten yards away. But on 11 July at Wonsan, she received her only direct hit from a shore battery. No one was wounded, and only her 3-inch (76.2 mm) antiaircraft mount was damaged. On 27 July, at 2159, she conducted her last gunstrike and had the distinction of firing the last round shot at sea in the war. The shell, autographed by Rear Admiral Harry Sanders, was fired at an enemy gun emplacement. The truce was effective at 2200. Saint Paul then commenced patrol duties along the east coast of Korea.

Post-Korea

Saint Paul returned to the western Pacific again in May 1954 and, later that year, she was on hand when the Chinese Communists were threatening the Nationalist Chinese islands of the Quemoy Islands group. From 19 November 1954 to 12 July 1955, she operated with the 7th Fleet in Japanese and Chinese waters, particularly between Taiwan and the Chinese mainland, playing a major role in protecting United States interests in the Far East. She returned to Long Beach, California, for repairs and an overhaul which included enclosing the command and flag bridge levels. Following this work she was back in the western Pacific from 15 August 1955 to 10 January 1956 serving as flagship for the 7th Fleet.

Saint Paul returned to Long Beach, California, in February and subsequently moved to Bremerton, Washington, for upkeep and overhaul. This overhaul period included removing the forward 5" gun turret and adding a large deck house between the funnels to accommodate enhanced flagship facilities. This work was completed by late summer, and in September, she became flagship for the 1st Fleet and entertained the Secretary of the Navy during a fleet review at Long Beach. She departed that port on 6 November and, after refresher training at San Diego, California, arrived at Yokosuka, Japan on 29 September to relieve Rochester as 7th Fleet flagship. She spent most of her time in Keelung or Kaohsiung, Taiwan, with periods of training in the Philippines and port calls at Buckner Bay, Hong Kong, Manila, and Sasebo. On 26 April 1957, she headed home.

Saint Paul arrived at Long Beach, California, on 21 May and subsequently cruised along the West Coast, as far north as Seattle, Washington, until she sailed once more on 3 February 1958 for the Far East. She made an extensive cruise beginning at Pearl Harbor. Thence she steamed to Wellington, New Zealand proceeded past Guadalcanal and north through the Solomon Islands to New Georgia visited the Caroline Islands and ended at Yokosuka on 9 March. She repeated her past WestPac deployments with duties as flagship, and exercises in the Philippines, before returning to Long Beach on 25 August.

Sailing from Long Beach, California, on 4 May 1959, Saint Paul became the first major United States Navy ship to be homeported in the Far East since before World War II. Based at Yokosuka, she did not return to Long Beach until 39 months later. Then, she assumed duties as 1st Fleet flagship and did not return to WestPac until 1966. From that year, she made five successful deployments with the 7th Fleet in operations off North and South Vietnam, providing gunfire support to allied troops. Reminiscent of her Korean operations, Saint Paul was hit on 1 September 1967 by a shell which struck her starboard bow, near the water line. None of her crew was injured and her engineers repaired the slight damage, enabling her to continue her mission. For her splendid record of service in helping to combat Communist aggression in South Vietnam, Saint Paul earned the Navy Unit Commendation and two Meritorious Unit Commendations.

In 1964, as the only World War II cruiser still in commission and still in her wartime all-gun configuration (several others were in commission, but had been extensively modernized into guided missile cruisers), Saint Paul was extensively used in the filming of the motion picture In Harm's Way, starring John Wayne. In the movie, it is apparent that the ship has been slightly modified according to the standard of the Baltimore class - the front 5-inch cannon turret has been removed, leading to the larger gap between the bridge and second 8-inch turret, so in the movie the cruiser no longer has 12 5-inch guns, but only 10 5-inch guns. The ship was never mentioned by her actual name (her large hull number on the bow was painted over), but was simply referred to as "Old Swayback" and was supposedly commanded by Wayne's character as a captain, served as his flagship as a rear admiral, and was later sunk during a crucial battle with the Japanese.

At San Diego, California on 7 December 1970, Saint Paul began inactivation procedures. She sailed to Bremerton, Washington on 1 February 1971, where she was decommissioned on 30 April after 26 years of active service to her country, and was placed in reserve with the Puget Sound Group of the Pacific Reserve Fleet.

Saint Paul was the last all-gun Baltimore-class cruiser in US Navy service (Chicago and Columbus soldiered on into the eighties as Albany-class guided missile cruisers).

Struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 31 July 1978, Saint Paul was sold for scrapping in January 1980.

Saint Paul ' s ship's bell is now displayed in the St. Paul, Minnesota, City Hall on the third floor between the city council and mayoral offices, in an area also containing a listing of the United States Naval Reserve personnel from Saint Paul who served aboard the destroyer USS Ward (DD-139) when she fired the first American shots of World War II.


World War II Database


ww2dbase Originally laid down as Rochester, the ship under construction was renamed Saint Paul before her 1944 launching. She was commissioned into service in Feb 1945 and held her shakedown cruiser in the Caribbean Sea. She conducted training operations at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii in Jun 1945 and departed for the front on 2 Jul 1945 as a part of Task Force 38 that attacked the Japanese home islands through 10 Aug. In late Aug, she sailed into Sagami Wan southwest of Tokyo, Japan to support Allied occupation operations, followed by her entrance into Tokyo Bay on 1 Sep to participate in the formal surrender ceremony. After the war, she conducted several tours of duty in Shanghai, China, twice as the flagship of her task force. She held the distinction of being the last US warships to fire her guns during the Korean War. In the 1950s, as a part of the US 7th Fleet, she spent an extensive amount of time in Japan and in Taiwan, at times as the flagship of the fleet. She saw action during the Vietnam War. In 1964, she was used for the film "In Harm's Way" starring John Wayne. Decommissioned in 1971, she was placed in reserve with the Puget Sound Group of the Pacific Reserve Fleet. She was sold for scrapping in Dec 1979.

ww2dbase Source: Wikipedia

Last Major Revision: Sep 2012

Heavy Cruiser Saint Paul (CA-73) Interactive Map

Saint Paul Operational Timeline

3 Feb 1943 The keel of Rochester was laid down by the Bethlehem Steel Company at Quincy, Massachusetts, United States.
16 Sep 1944 Saint Paul was launched at Quincy, Massachusetts, United States, sponsored by the wife of John J. McDonough.
17 Feb 1945 USS Saint Paul was commissioned into service with Captain Ernest Herman von Heimburg in command.
15 May 1945 USS Saint Paul departed Boston, Massachusetts, United States.
8 Jun 1945 USS Saint Paul conducted training operations in waters off Oahu, US Territory of Hawaii.
30 Jun 1945 USS Saint Paul completed training operations in waters off Oahu, US Territory of Hawaii.
2 Jul 1945 USS Saint Paul departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii.
27 Aug 1945 USS Saint Paul arrived in Sagami Wan southwest of Tokyo, Japan.
1 Sep 1945 USS Saint Paul arrived in Tokyo Bay, Japan.
5 Nov 1945 USS Saint Paul departed Tokyo, Japan.
10 Nov 1945 USS Saint Paul arrived at Shanghai, China.
8 Dec 1945 Captain Harold Baker was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul while at Shanghai, China.
21 Dec 1945 USS Saint Paul and Chinese landing craft LST144 collided at Shanghai, China, causing slight damage to the cruiser's bow.
7 Jan 1946 USS Saint Paul departed Shanghai, China.
26 Jan 1946 USS Saint Paul arrived at Terminal Island Naval Shipyard near Los Angeles, California, United States for repairs.
1 Aug 1946 USS Saint Paul arrived at Terminal Island Naval Shipyard near Los Angeles, California, United States for a scheduled overhaul.
22 Oct 1946 Commander Glover Freguson was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
2 Nov 1946 Captain Burton Biggs was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
1 Feb 1947 USS Saint Paul conducted training operations off San Diego, California, United States.
15 Feb 1947 USS Saint Paul completed training operations off San Diego, California, United States.
16 Aug 1947 Captain Stanley Leith was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
6 Aug 1948 Captain Wells Field was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
26 Jun 1949 Captain Henry Richter was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
19 Jul 1950 Captain Chester Smith was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
27 Aug 1950 USS Saint Paul began patrolling the Taiwan Strait.
1 Nov 1950 USS Saint Paul completed her patrol in the Taiwan Strait.
9 Nov 1950 USS Saint Paul was assigned to Task Force 77 for combat duties off Korea.
17 Nov 1950 USS Saint Paul provided gunfire support for United Nations troops near Chongjin, North Hamgyong Province, Korea she was struck by a shell from a coastal battery and suffered six wounded.
2 Dec 1950 USS Saint Paul bombarded communist positions near Chongjin, North Hamgyong Province, Korea.
3 Dec 1950 USS Saint Paul entered Wonsan harbor, Kangwon Province, Korea to provide naval gunfire support for the evacuation effort.
24 Dec 1950 USS Saint Paul departed Wonsan, Kangwon Province, Korea.
21 Jan 1951 USS Saint Paul bombarded communist positions north of Inchon, Gyeonggi Province, Korea.
26 Jan 1951 USS Saint Paul was attacked by communist shore batteries near Inchon, Gyeonggi Province, Korea.
31 Jan 1951 USS Saint Paul departed Inchon, Gyeonggi Province, Korea.
7 Apr 1951 USS Saint Paul supported a British Royal Marines raid in Korea.
21 Jul 1951 Captain Roy Gano was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
5 Nov 1951 USS Saint Paul departed California, United States.
27 Nov 1951 USS Saint Paul bombarded communist positions near Wonsan, Kangwon Province, Korea.
21 Apr 1952 USS Saint Paul suffered an accidental explosion in her forward turret while operating off Korea 30 were killed.
29 May 1952 Captain Frederick Stelter, Jr. was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
24 Jun 1952 USS Saint Paul arrived at Long Beach, California, United States.
28 Feb 1953 USS Saint Paul departed California, United States for Korea.
2 Jul 1953 Captain Charles Parker was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
11 Jul 1953 USS Saint Paul was hit by a coastal gun battery shell off Wonsan, Kangwon Province, Korea, suffering a damaged anti-aircraft gun mount but no casualties.
27 Jul 1953 At 2159 hours, USS Saint Paul became the last US warship to fire her guns during the Korean War.
12 Jul 1954 USS Saint Paul completed a tour of duty in Japanese and Chinese waters.
2 Oct 1954 Captain Claude Ricketts was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
19 Nov 1954 USS Saint Paul began a tour of duty in Japanese and Chinese waters.
15 Aug 1955 USS Saint Paul was named the flagship of the US 7th Fleet based in Japan.
7 Nov 1955 Captain James Davis was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul while in Japan.
10 Jan 1956 USS Saint Paul was relieved as the flagship of the US 7th Fleet based in Japan.
6 Nov 1956 USS Saint Paul departed Long Beach, California, United States.
29 Nov 1956 USS Saint Paul arrived at Yokosuka, Japan and was named the flagship of the US 7th Fleet.
2 Jan 1957 Captain Allan Reed was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
26 Apr 1957 USS Saint Paul departed Japan for the United States.
21 May 1957 USS Saint Paul arrived at Long Beach, California, United States.
29 Aug 1957 Captain Irvin Hartman was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
3 Feb 1958 USS Saint Paul departed Seattle, Washington, United States for Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii.
9 Mar 1958 USS Saint Paul arrived at Yokosuka, Japan.
25 Aug 1958 USS Saint Paul arrived at Long Beach, California, United States.
10 Sep 1958 Captain Carter Bennett was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
4 May 1959 USS Saint Paul departed Long Beach, California, United States for Yokosuka, Japan.
23 Nov 1959 Captain John Maurer was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
20 Oct 1960 Captain Frederick Schneider, Jr. was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
25 Oct 1961 Captain Albert Church, Jr. was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
3 Nov 1962 Captain Woodrow McCrory was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
28 Sep 1963 Captain Gerald Norton was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
24 Sep 1964 Captain Lloyd Vasey was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
23 Jun 1965 Captain Edward Higgins, Jr. was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
26 Aug 1966 Captain Harry Fischer, Jr. was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
2 Sep 1966 USS Saint Paul was hit by a shell on the stardboard bow off Vietnam, causing slight damage and no casualties.
13 Feb 1968 Captain Ralph Hilson was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
12 Aug 1969 Captain Hugh Nott was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
15 Dec 1969 Commander Donald Knutson, Sr. was named the commanding officer of USS Saint Paul.
7 Dec 1970 USS Saint Paul began inactivation procedures.
1 Feb 1971 USS Saint Paul arrived at Bremerton, Washington, United States.
30 Apr 1971 USS Saint Paul was decommissioned from service at Bremerton, Washington, United States.
31 Jul 1978 Saint Paul was struck from the US Naval Register.
13 Dec 1979 Saint Paul was sold for scrap to Zidell Explorations of Portland, Oregon, United States.

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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. spouse of a Vietnam Vet ,Mrs Hill says:
28 Sep 2016 07:52:41 PM

I need to know if my late husband served in the Navy during the Vietnam War in Vietnam from 9-1962 to 8-1964. Due to a flood all of his military paper work got ruined. Apparently, the VA expects me to show proof he was in Vietnam during the spraying of the herbicide "Agent Orange". how can I get that proof? And proof he was in Vietnam during those years.

2. Mrs Hill, spouse of a Vietnam vet, who served in Navy says:
28 Sep 2016 07:56:09 PM

I forgot to mention, my late husband served on the USS ST PAUL CA 73. your records don't give me exact locations where the St Paul went during those years (8-1962 to 9-1964)

3. steve voorhees says:
31 Oct 2016 05:41:07 PM

The VA website has a list of ships and deployment dates that qualify for Agent Orange consideration.

The form you need is the DD 214. Your congressman can assist you in getting copies of this. It will list his duty stations and dates, among other info.

4. James Dewitt says:
23 Oct 2017 12:38:12 PM

USS Saint Paul-During Operation "SHAD". Atomic Nuclear Tests=(Pacific Ocean) 1963-64 Home port Hawaii! Bikini Island Still Unlivable=DUE to Radiation Contamination=60 Years Later-'NEWS REPORT'=NEED Crew List**NAMES="Fellow Ship Mates"..

5. James Dewitt says:
23 Oct 2017 12:56:02 PM

"RADIATION EXPOSURE" During Operation=(SHAD) 1963 Atomic Testing=While aboard USS Saint Paul-ca73.

6. James Dewitt says:
23 Oct 2017 01:07:40 PM

Mrs. Hill PLEASE Contact me=James (702)595-3523=Your Husband & I were 'Guinea Pigs' OPERATION (SHAD) Nuclear Atomic Testing=USS Saint Paul-(1963)=Home Port 'Hawaii'

All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.


Charles Dietterich of Deep Creek sailed out of San Francisco Bay, under the Golden Gate aboard the heavy cruiser USS St. Paul (CA-73) in June 1945 and headed for the war in the South Pacific. He arrived just in time to take part in the attack on the Japanese main islands. The 18-year-old seaman, from North Wales, Pa., was the site-setter on a five-inch gun mount on the starboard side of the ship. He aimed and fired the gun.

With him in the turret was Seaman Mike Mastromato, another 18-year-old from Lancaster Pa. He put the five-inch projectile and powder charge in the gun’s chamber. Mike also inserted the fuse in the round just before it was fired.

“I’m in the gun turret and I’ve got my earphones on. I’m getting my firing directions from the bridge,” Dietterich, the 90-year-old former seaman recalls 70 years later sitting in the living room of his Florida home a long way in space and time from the Pacific war.

“The kamikazes were attacking the fleet. Of course, we couldn’t see them in the eight by 10 ft. steel turret we were encased. The temperature was approaching 120 degrees inside. The noise from the firing was incredible. “Once we got our sites set we fired as fast as we could until we were told to reset the sites. When the firing was over Mastromato and I climbed out of our gun mount on the deck and surveyed the damage. There were ships sinking around us, kamikazes had crashed into some of them, others had missed the fleet. There were all kinds of things going on out there. “

Recalling it all today he said, “I often have trouble getting in an elevator. I have claustrophobic flashbacks from being in that gun mount during the war. I’m surprised I can still hear anything today.”

Dietterich and the St. Paul were part of Adm. Marc Mitscher’s “Fast Carrier Task Force-38,” that bombarded Honsho, the largest Japanese island, from July through August. It was the St. Paul’s duty to protect the U.S. aircraft carrier fleet’ whose planes were pounding the mainland industrial targets.

The USS St. Paul (CA-73) was a heavy cruiser built at the Boston Naval Shipyard near the end of the Second World War. Those who served aboard her took part in the final months of the Pacific war 70 years ago. They were also moored alongside the Battleship Missouri when the Japanese delegation went aboard to sign the surrendered on Sept. 2, 1945. Charles Dietterich of Deep Creek Subdivision in Punta Gorda was one of those sailors. Photo provided

The St. Paul and other Third Fleet ships began patrolling the southeast coast of Japan as part of the U.S. Occupation Force at war’s end. Eventually the cruiser anchored next the Missouri, the U.S. battleship where the surrender ceremony took place on Sept. 2, 1945.

“We were right there when the surrender was signed. We could hear it and see it all. We heard it over the Missouri’s loud speakers,” he said. “We saw Gen. (Douglas) Mac Arthur come aboard the battleship. After the documents were signed it wasn’t a very long process—maybe 30 minutes or less.

“Gen. Mac Arthur concluded the ceremony by saying, ’These proceedings are ended.’”

Hundreds of American bombers and fighter planes flew over the fleet as a show of force the Japanese could not ignore. Word had it, Mac Arthur had the sky-borne armada circle overhead to make the flyover more impressive to the enemy participants on the battleship’s deck below.

Dietterich said he remembers going ashore into Tokyo and bartering American cigarettes for Japanese luxury goods.

“You could get a beautiful silk kimono with a dragon ornament on it for a couple of cigarettes. I sent one home to my girl, Virginia, back in North Wales.”

It wasn’t long after the surrender ceremony that the St. Paul pulled anchored and headed for China. There was a war being fought against Communist insurgents by Gen. Chiang Kai-Shek. What was left of his army was banished to the island of Taiwan at its conclusion of the battle by the Communists.

“We weren’t long in China. Then we sailed back to Pearl Harbor. It must have taken us a couple of weeks to reach Pearl,” he said. You could still see the damage from the Dec. 7th attack.

“When we sailed under the Golden Gate Bridge into San Francisco Harbor I had this absolutely fabulous feeling. I looked up at that bridge and thought: ‘Thank you Lord. But I tell you what, I wanted to see the world, but I didn’t want to see it this way.’”

“I took a long, dirty train ride back to Philadelphia and married Virginia, my childhood sweetheart. We lived next door to each other in North Wales from the time we were in diapers. That’s a long engagement. We’ve been married 70 years.

Dietterich took the G.I Bill after his discharge from the Navy. He attended Chicago School of Technology. For the next 40 years he worked as a Pennsylvania architect. He had his own home construction business—Cedar Hill Construction Corp. in Souderton, Pa.

For more than 50 years this old sailor has been involved in Baptist Church activities around the country.

“I got a calling to the ministry when I was up north. I was an evangelist who traveled all over,” he said. “When I preached I sketched my story in chalk before the congregation on Sunday to make my point. I told my story while drawing and using black lights and music. They loved it.

When he and Virginia moved to Port Charlotte in 1991 they continued working with the local Baptist community. He helped found and build the Victory Baptist Church in Port Charlotte. The Dietterichs have four children: David, Connie, Brenda and Faith.

Name: Charles Edward Dietterich
D.O.B: 15 May 1927
Hometown: Philadelphia, Pa.
Currently: Punta Gorda, Fla.
Entered Service: 1944
Discharged: 1946
Rank: Seaman 1/Class
Unit: USS St. Paul (CA-73)
Commendations: Pacific Theater Ribbon (1-Battle Star), American heater Ribbon, World War II Vicory Medal.
Battles/Campaigns: Japanese Main Islands

This story was first published in the Charlotte Sun newspaper, Port Charlotte, Fla. on Monday, Sept. 4, 2017 and is republished with permission.

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SAINT PAUL CA 73

This section lists the names and designations that the ship had during its lifetime. The list is in chronological order.

    Baltimore Class Heavy Cruiser
    Ordered as ROCHESTER
    Name changed November 26 1942
    Keel Laid February 3 1943 - Launched September 16 1944

Naval Covers

This section lists active links to the pages displaying covers associated with the ship. There should be a separate set of pages for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Covers should be presented in chronological order (or as best as can be determined).

Since a ship may have many covers, they may be split among many pages so it doesn't take forever for the pages to load. Each page link should be accompanied by a date range for covers on that page.

Postmarks

This section lists examples of the postmarks used by the ship. There should be a separate set of postmarks for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Within each set, the postmarks should be listed in order of their classification type. If more than one postmark has the same classification, then they should be further sorted by date of earliest known usage.

A postmark should not be included unless accompanied by a close-up image and/or an image of a cover showing that postmark. Date ranges MUST be based ONLY ON COVERS IN THE MUSEUM and are expected to change as more covers are added.
 
>>> If you have a better example for any of the postmarks, please feel free to replace the existing example.


St. Paul

Saint Paul is one of the most important and influential of all the saints. Many of his writings are contained in the Canon of the Bible and have influenced the growth and development of the Church since the first century.

St. Paul was originally known as Saul, and he was a Roman citizen and a Pharisee. He even presided over the persecutions of the early Christians and was present at the martyrdom of St. Stephen.

However, Saul experienced a powerful vision that caused him to convert to Christianity while on the road to Damascus. He was duly baptized and took the name Paul.

Paul traveled the world, first to Arabia then back to Damascus. He also visited Jerusalem to see St. Peter, the first pope and pay homage to him. During these travels, he preached ceaselessly, often drawing criticism and ire from those who rebuffed his message. Jews, in particular, hated his preaching as they saw him convert people to Christianity from Judaism.

Eventually, Paul returned to Tarsus, where he was born. He preached there until he was called by Barnabus to come to Antioch. After a year spent in Antioch, a famine occurred in Jerusalem and the pair was dispatched to the city with alms.

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The accomplished this mission, and returned to Antioch.

Paul and Barnabus then went forth on a mission to Cypress and throughout Asia Minor. They established several churches in their travels. After establishing his churches, Paul remained in communication with the faithful, often writing letters to answer questions and resolve disputes.

The letters that have survived have become part of the Bible. It is believed that Paul wrote other letters, which were lost even before the Bible was established by the Church. Paul's writings are important because they provide good advice for how Christians should live.

Paul traveled throughout much of Europe, particularly in Macedonia, Greece, and Italy. While preparing for a missionary trip to Spain, he was imprisoned in Caesarea by the Jews for two years. He traveled again, was shipwrecked in Malta, and was imprisoned for another two years for preaching in Rome. Despite these imprisonments, Paul continued to preach.

Paul eventually made his way to Spain, then returned to the East, and finally returned to Rome once again. In 67 AD, Paul was arrested in Rome for a second time and this time he was beheaded under the insane Emperor Nero. According to John Chrysostom, Nero knew Paul personally.

Paul is among the most famous, intelligent and influential of the apostles. There are some who argue that he was the leader of the apostles, but this is not supported by the evidence. Instead, he likely preached at the request of St. Peter, who was pope.

St. Paul is the patron saint of missionaries, evangelists, writers, journalists, authors, public workers, rope and saddle makers, and tent makers. His feast day is on June 29 when he is honored with Saint Peter, although he is also honored on other days throughout the year, January 25, for his conversion, February 16, for his shipwreck, and Nov. 18 for the dedication of his Basilica.


The Theology of the Body In Depth

A six-part series that delves into the riches of John Paul II's Theology of the Body, presented by Christopher West.

  • An Encounter with Christ the Bridegroom - An introduction and overview of Pope John Paul II's Theology of the Body
  • Original Man - Who man and woman were created to be in the beginning, as found in the book of Genesis
  • Historical Man - Who we are now after the fall and in the light of the redemption
  • Eschatological Man and Celibacy - What we are destined for in heaven and how it relates to the celibate vocation
  • Marriage and Humanae Vitae - Living the Theology of the Body in the vocation of marriage
  • Questions and Answers - Ways of implementing the Theology of the Body in everyday life

Throughout this series, Christopher continually stresses the beauty and possibility of truly living as we were called to live in the beginning, as persons made in the image and likeness of God.


Mục lục

Thiết kế Sửa đổi

Sau khi những giới hạn về tải trọng của tàu tuần dương hạng nặng do Hiệp ước Hải quân Washington quy định được dỡ bỏ, lớp Baltimore được thiết kế về căn bản dựa trên chiếc USS Wichita, và một phần cũng dựa trên lớp tàu tuần dương hạng nhẹ lớp Cleveland đang được chế tạo. Những chiếc Baltimore có trong lượng choán nước tiêu chuẩn lên đến 14.500 tấn Anh (14.733 t), và trang bị chín khẩu pháo 8 in (200 mm) trên ba tháp pháo ba nòng. So với lớp Wichita, vũ khí phòng không hạng nhẹ tiếp tục được tăng cường: 12 khẩu đội Bofors 40 mm bốn nòng (48 nòng pháo) cùng với 20-28 khẩu Oerlikon 20 mm. Sau Thế chiến II, pháo phòng không 20 mm bị tháo dỡ do kém hiệu quả, và pháo Bofors 40 mm được thay thế bằng pháo 3-inch/50-caliber trong thập niên 1950.

Chế tạo Sửa đổi

Saint Paul được đặt lườn như là chiếc Rochester bởi hãng Bethlehem Steel Company tại Quincy, Massachusetts vào ngày 3 tháng 2 năm 1943, trước khi được đổi tên vào ngày 1 tháng 9 năm 1943. Nó được hạ thủy vào ngày 16 tháng 9 năm 1944 được đỡ đầu bởi bà Marie Gordon McDonough, phu nhân thị trưởng thành phố Saint Paul John J. McDonough, và được cho nhập biên chế vào ngày 17 tháng 2 năm 1945 dưới quyền chỉ huy của hạm trưởng, Đại tá Hải quân Ernest H. von Heimburg. [2] [3]

Chiến tranh thế giới thứ hai (1945) Sửa đổi

Sau khi chạy thử máy tại vùng biển Caribbe, Saint Paul rời Boston, Massachusetts vào ngày 15 tháng 5 năm 1945 để hướng sang Thái Bình Dương. Từ ngày 8 đến ngày 30 tháng 6, nó trải qua đợt huấn luyện ngoài khơi Trân Châu Cảng, rồi lên đường vào ngày 2 tháng 7 để gia nhập Lực lượng Đặc nhiệm 38. Lực lượng tàu sân bay nhanh này hoàn tất việc tiếp liệu trên biển vào ngày 23 tháng 7, rồi tiếp tục đi đến các điểm xuất phát nhằm tung ra các cuộc không kích vào Honshū, đảo lớn nhất của Nhật Bản. Từ ngày 24 tháng 7 đến ngày 10 tháng 8, Saint Paul hộ tống cho các tàu sân bay khi chúng tung ra các đợt không kích nặng nề xuống Kure, Kobe và khu vực Tokyo về phía Nam Honshū, rồi xuống Maizuru và nhiều sân bay về phía Bắc Honshū. [2]

Trong giai đoạn này, Saint Paul cũng tiến hành bắn phá các mục tiêu công nghiệp: thoạt tiên là các nhà máy dệt tại Hamamatsu trong đêm 29 tháng 7, sau đó là các nhà máy sắt thép tại Kamaishi vào ngày 9 tháng 8, đã bắn những loạt đạn sau cùng trong chiến tranh từ một tàu chiến lớn. Cảnh báo thời tiết về một cơn bão khiến buộc phải hủy bỏ những hoạt động không quân trong các ngày 11 đến 14 tháng 8. Sau đó, các phi vụ vừa được tung ra sáng ngày 14 tháng 8 được gọi quay trở lại tàu, khi mà các cuộc thương lượng tiến triển mang đến hứa hẹn là Nhật Bản sẽ đầu hàng. Vào ngày 15 tháng 8, mọi hoạt động tác chiến chống Nhật Bản được kết thúc. [2]

Cùng với các đơn vị khác của Đệ Tam hạm đội, Saint Paul di chuyển về phía Đông Nam tuần tra dọc theo bờ biển trong khi chờ đợi mệnh lệnh mới. Vào ngày 27 tháng 8, nó di chuyển đến Sagami Wan hỗ trợ cho việc đổ bộ lực lượng chiếm đóng. Ngày 1 tháng 9, nó đi vào vịnh Tokyo, và đã có mặt tại đây vào ngày hôm sau khi văn kiện đầu hàng được chính thức ký kết trên thiết giáp hạm Missouri. [2]

Viễn Đông (1946-1949) Sửa đổi

Saint Paul tiếp tục ở lại vùng biển Nhật Bản trong nhiệm vụ chiếm đóng cho đến khi nhận được lệnh đi đến Thượng Hải vào ngày 5 tháng 11 đảm trách vai trò soái hạm của Lực lượng Đặc nhiệm 73. Nó đi dọc theo sông Hoàng Phố, thả neo dọc theo bến Thượng Hải vào ngày 10 tháng 11, và tiếp tục ở lại đây cho đến đầu năm 1946. Ngày 21 tháng 12 năm 1945, nó bị tai nạn va chạm với xuồng đổ bộ LST144 của Trung Quốc (nguyên của Nhật Bản), vốn bị dòng nước cuốn mạnh va vào mũi tàu của Saint Paul. [2] Chiếc xuồng đổ bộ bị hư hại nặng, trong khi chiếc tàu tuần dương bị hư hại nhẹ trước mũi. [4]

Vào ngày 7 tháng 1 năm 1946, Saint Paul rời Thượng Hải cùng với tàu khu trục hộ tống Keith để quay trở về xưởng hải quân đảo Terminal, California, đến nơi vào ngày 28 tháng 1 năm 1946 cho một đợt sửa chữa nhỏ hư hại do va chạm. Vào tháng 5, nó thực hiện một chuyến đi khứ hồi đến Trân Châu Cảng. Quay trở về đảo Terminal vào ngày 1 tháng 8, nó được đại tu nhằm chuẩn bị cho một lượt nhiệm vụ khác tại Viễn Đông. [5] Từ ngày 1 đến ngày 15 tháng 2 năm 1947, nó tiến hành các hoạt động huấn luyện ôn tập tại San Diego, California. [2]

Sau khi quay trở lại Thượng Hải vào tháng 3, Saint Paul tiếp tục các hoạt động trong vai trò soái hạm của Lực lượng Đặc nhiệm 71 cho đến khi quay trở về Hoa Kỳ vào tháng 11. Tiếp theo đó là các hoạt động huấn luyện dọc theo Bờ Tây Hoa Kỳ, bao gồm các chuyến đi cho lực lượng trừ bị hải quân trong tháng 4-tháng 5 năm 1948. Từ tháng 8 đến tháng 12, nó được bố trí đến khu vực Tây Thái Bình Dương, hoạt động tại vùng biển Nhật Bản và Trung Quốc. Quay trở về Hoa Kỳ, nó được cải biến từ máy phóng sang cấu hình máy bay trực thăng trước khi tiếp tục phục vụ tại Viễn Đông từ tháng 4 đến tháng 10 năm 1949. [2]

Chiến tranh Triều Tiên (1950-1953) Sửa đổi

Khi xung đột bắt đầu nổ ra trong cuộc Chiến tranh Triều Tiên vào tháng 6 năm 1950, Saint Paul đang thực hiện chuyến đi huấn luyện học viên mới từ San Francisco, California đến Trân Châu Cảng. Nó đưa các sĩ quan hải quân tương lai lên bờ rồi khởi hành vào cuối tháng 7 đi đến khu vực Tây Thái Bình Dương, nơi nó gia nhập Đội đặc nhiệm 77.3 trong nhiệm vụ tuần tra eo biển Đài Loan. Saint Paul tiếp tục tuần tra giữa Đài Loan và lục địa Trung Quốc từ ngày 27 tháng 8 đến ngày 1 tháng 11. Sau đó nó di chuyển lên phía Bắc, tiến vào biển Nhật Bản để gia nhập Lực lượng Đặc nhiệm 77, và tiến hành các hoạt động tác chiến ngoài khơi bờ biển Đông Bắc Triều Tiên vào ngày 9 tháng 11. Vào ngày 17 tháng 11, trong khi bắn pháo hỗ trợ cho lực lượng Liên Hiệp Quốc tiến quân tại Chongjin, mảnh đạn của một quả đạn pháo bắn suýt trúng từ các khẩu đội bờ biển đối phương đã làm bị thương sáu thành viên của các khẩu đội pháo trên tàu. Chiếc tàu tuần dương đáp trả bằng hỏa lực pháo vốn đã tiêu diệt được khẩu đội đối phương và tiếp tục thực hiện nhiệm vụ. [2]

Do lực lượng Cộng sản Trung Quốc bất ngờ mở cuộc tổng tấn công quy mô lớn vào cuối tháng 11, lực lượng Liên Hiệp Quốc buộc phải rút lui để tập trung lực lượng và giữ vững các vị trí phía Nam vĩ tuyến 38. Saint Paul đã hỗ trợ cho Quân đoàn 1 quân đội Cộng hòa Hàn Quốc bên sườn phía Đông khi họ rút lui từ Hapsu, và dọc theo bờ biển khi họ rút lui khỏi Chongjin. Vào ngày 2 tháng 12, nó di chuyển lên phía Bắc tiến hành các cuộc bắn pháo ban đêm vào khu vực phía Bắc Chongjin, rồi đi xuống phía Nam hỗ trợ cho việc rút lui một sư đoàn Hàn Quốc đến Kyongsong Man. Nó đi vào cảng Wonsan vào ngày 3 tháng 12 dựng một hàng rào hỏa lực pháo chung quanh thành phố trong khi lực lượng và phương tiện của quân Liên Hiệp Quốc được chuyển đến Hungnam rồi theo chân lực lượng đến đây để hỗ trợ cho việc triệt thoái khỏi thành phố và cảng này từ ngày 10 đến ngày 24 tháng 12. [2]

Từ ngày 21 đến ngày 31 tháng 1 năm 1951, Saint Paul thực hiện các nhiệm vụ bắn pháo bờ biển về phía Bắc Inchon, nơi mà vào ngày 26 tháng 1, nó bị các khẩu đội pháo bờ biển ngắm bắn. Vào ngày 7 tháng 4, cùng với các chiếc Wallace L. Lind, Massey, Fort MarionBegor trong thành phần Lực lượng Đặc nhiệm74, Saint Paul hỗ trợ vào việc đột kích tuyến đường sắt và các hầm đường sắt, có huy động 250 lính biệt kích thuộc Tiểu đoàn Thủy binh Hoàng gia Độc lập 41. Chiến dịch này đã rất thành công trong việc phá hủy tuyến giao thông đường sắt, làm chậm trễ các nỗ lực tiếp tế của đối phương, buộc họ chỉ sửa chữa hay xây dựng tuyến đường vào ban đêm và phải che giấu lực lượng và phương tiện trong các đường hầm vào ban ngày. [2]

Saint Paul quay trở về Hoa Kỳ để đại tu tại San Francisco, California từ tháng 6 đến tháng 9, rồi tiến hành huấn luyện trước khi lại lên đường vào ngày 5 tháng 11 hướng sang Triều Tiên. Nó đi đến khu vực ngoài khơi Wonsan vào ngày 27 tháng 11 tiến hành các hoạt động bắn phá. Trong những tuần lễ tiếp theo sau, nó tấn công các vị trí chiến lược tại Hungnam, Songjin và Chongjin. Trong tháng 12, nó phục vụ như là tàu hộ tống phòng không cho Lực lượng Đặc nhiệm 77 và sau một đợt nghỉ ngơi tại Nhật Bản, nó quay trở lại hoạt động ngoài khơi bờ biển Bắc Triều Tiên. Vào tháng 4 năm 1952, Saint Paul tham gia cuộc tấn công phối hợp không-hải lực vào các cảng Wonsan và Chongjin. [2]

Vào ngày 21 tháng 4, trong khi chiếc tàu tuần dương làm nhiệm vụ bắn pháo hỗ trợ, một vụ nổ thuốc đạn nghiêm trọng và bất ngờ đã xảy ra tại tháp pháo 8 inch (203 milimét) phía trước, khiến 30 người tử trận. Vụ nổ xảy ra ở khẩu pháo bên trái, vốn đã được nạp đạn nhưng khóa nòng lại mở chỉ huy khẩu đội cho rằng pháo đã được bắn nên ra lệnh nạp thêm một đầu đạn mới vào ổ pháo. Khẩu pháo nổ tung, kích nổ thêm hai liều thuốc phóng sẵn có trên thang nâng. [6] Tuy nhiên, trước khi quay trở về Nhật Bản để sửa chữa, Saint Paul thực hiện bắn phá các mục tiêu trên tuyến đường sắt gần Songjin, và bắt giữ chín người Bắc Triều Tiên trên một chiếc xuồng nhỏ. Sau một giai đoạn ngắn ở lại trong cảng và hai tuần bắn pháo hỗ trợ cho tuyến đầu, nó quay trở về nhà và về đến Long Beach, California, vào ngày 24 tháng 6. [2]

Vào ngày 28 tháng 2 năm 1953, Saint Paul rời khu vực Bờ Tây cho lượt bố trí thứ ba đến Triều Tiên, và lại hoạt động tác chiến vào tháng 4. Đến giữa tháng 6, nó hỗ trợ cho việc tái chiếm đồi Anchor. Cùng với thiết giáp hạm New Jersey, nó hỗ trợ cho Quân đội Hàn Quốc trong một cuộc tấn công trên đất liền vào vị trí trọng yếu phía Nam Kosong. Chiếc tàu tuần dương nhiều lần bị nhắm bắn bởi đạn pháo 75 mm và 105 mm, nhiều phát suýt trúng chỉ cách không đầy 3 m (10 yard). Vào ngày 11 tháng 7 tại Wonsan, nó bị bắn trúng phát duy nhất trong cuộc chiến này bởi một khẩu đội pháo bờ biển, nhưng không ai bị thương và chỉ bị hư hại cho khẩu pháo phòng không 3 inch (76,2 milimét). Lúc 21 giờ 59 phút ngày 27 tháng 7, nó tiến hành đợt bắn pháo cuối cùng, cũng là loạt đạn pháo sau cùng của cuộc chiến được bắn trên biển. Quả đạn pháo, có mang chữ ký của Chuẩn đô đốc Harry Sanders, nhắm vào một khẩu đội pháo bờ biển đối phương thỏa thuận ngừng bắn có hiệu lực lúc 22 giờ 00. Saint Paul sau đó tiến hành tuần tra dọc theo bờ biển phía Đông bán đảo Triều Tiên. [2]

Viễn Đông (1954-1965) Sửa đổi

Saint Paul quay trở lại khu vực Tây Thái Bình Dương vào tháng 5 năm 1954 và vào cuối năm đó đã đặt trong tình trạng báo động khi lực lượng Cộng sản Trung Quốc đe dọa cụm quần đảo Kim Môn của Trung Hoa dân quốc. Từ ngày 19 tháng 11 năm 1954 đến ngày 12 tháng 7 năm 1955, nó hoạt động cùng với Đệ Thất hạm đội tại các vùng biển Nhật Bản và Trung Quốc, đặc biệt là khu vực giữa Đài Loan và lục địa Trung Quốc, đóng một vai trò quan trọng trong việc bảo vệ lợi ích của Hoa Kỳ tại Viễn Đông. Nó quay trở về Long Beach để sửa chữa và đại tu, rồi quay trở lại khu vực Tây Thái Bình Dương từ ngày 15 tháng 8 năm 1955 đến ngày 10 tháng 1 năm 1956, phục vụ như là soái hạm của Đệ Thất hạm đội. [2]

Saint Paul quay trở về Long Beach vào tháng 2 năm 1956, và sau đó di chuyển đến Bremerton, Washington để bảo trì và đại tu. Đến tháng 9, nó trở thành soái hạm của Đệ Nhất hạm đội, và đã phục vụ đưa Bộ trưởng Hải quân Hoa Kỳ trong một cuộc Duyệt binh Hạm đội tại Long Beach. Nó rời cảng ngày on 6 tháng 11 và sau một đợt ôn tập huấn luyện tại San Diego, California, chiếc tàu tuần dương đi đến Yokosuka, Nhật Bản vào ngày 29 tháng 9 để thay phiên cho tàu tuần dương Rochester trong vai trò soái hạm của Đệ Thất hạm đội. Nó trải qua hầu hết thời gian tại cảng Keelung hoặc Kaohsiung của Đài Loan, cùng những giai đoạn huấn luyện tại Philippines và ghé thăm vịnh Buckner, Hong Kong, Manila và Sasebo. Vào ngày 26 tháng 4 năm 1957, nó lên đường quay trở về nhà. [2]

Saint Paul về đến Long Beach vào ngày 21 tháng 5, rồi sau đó thực hiện các hoạt động dọc theo Bờ Tây, lên phía Bắc đến tận Seattle, Washington, cho đến khi nó lên đường một lần nữa vào ngày 3 tháng 2 năm 1958 hướng sang Viễn Đông. Nó được hiện một chuyến đi dài ngày bắt đầu từ Trân Châu Cảng hướng đến Wellington, New Zealand tiếp tục băng ngang Guadalcanal rồi hướng lên phía Bắc qua quần đảo Solomon đến New Georgia viếng thăm quần đảo Caroline và kết thúc chuyến đi tại Yokosuka vào ngày 9 tháng 3. Nó lặp lại vai trò soái hạm của hạm đội như những lần bố trí tại Tây Thái Bình Dương trước đó, cũng như các cuộc tập trận tại Philippines trước khi quay trở về Long Beach vào ngày 25 tháng 8. Khởi hành từ Long Beach vào ngày 4 tháng 5 năm 1959, Saint Paul trở thành tàu chiến lớn đầu tiên của Hải quân Mỹ đặt căn cứ tại Viễn Đông kể từ trước Thế Chiến II. Đặt cảng nhà tại Yokosuka, nó đã không quay về Long Beach trong vòng 39 tháng tiếp theo sau. [2]

Chiến tranh Việt Nam (1966-1970) Sửa đổi

Tiếp nhận vai trò soái hạm của Đệ Nhất hạm đội, nó chỉ quay trở lại khu vực Tây Thái Bình Dương vào năm 1966. Từ năm đó, nó được bố trí năm đợt hoạt động cùng Đệ Thất hạm đội trong các chiến dịch ngoài khơi Bắc và Nam Việt Nam, bắn pháo hỗ trợ cho hoạt động của lực lượng đồng minh. Tương tự như thời kỳ hoạt động trong Chiến tranh Triều Tiên, Saint Paul bị bắn trúng vào ngày 2 tháng 9, khi một quả đạn pháo trúng mũi tàu bên mạn phải gần mực nước. Không có ai bị thương và hư hỏng nhẹ này được nhanh chóng sửa chữa, cho phép nó tiếp tục làm nhiệm vụ. Do thành tích phục vụ xuất sắc trong chiến đấu tại Việt Nam, Saint Paul được tặng thưởng danh hiệu Đơn vị Tuyên dương Hải quân cùng hai danh hiệu Đơn vị Tuyên dương Anh dũng Hải quân. [2]

Ngừng hoạt động và số phận Sửa đổi

Saint Paul bắt đầu các chuẩn bị để ngừng hoạt động tại San Diego, California vào ngày 7 tháng 12 năm 1970. Nó đi đến Bremerton, Washington vào ngày 1 tháng 2 năm 1971, nơi nó được cho ngừng hoạt động vào ngày 30 tháng 4 và được đưa về Hạm đội Dự bị Thái Bình Dương thuộc Đội Puget Sound. Saint Paul là chiếc tàu tuần dương toàn súng lớn lớp Baltimore cuối cùng phục vụ cùng Hải quân Mỹ, vì những chiếc ChicagoColumbus phục vụ trong những năm 1980 với tư cách là tàu tuần dương tên lửa điều khiển thuộc lớp Albany. Được rút khỏi danh sách Đăng bạ Hải quân vào ngày 31 tháng 7 năm 1978, Saint Paul bị bán để tháo dỡ vào tháng 1 năm 1980. [2] [3]

Saint Paul được tặng thưởng một Ngôi sao Chiến trận trong Chiến tranh Thế giới thứ hai, tám ngôi sao trong Chiến tranh Triều Tiên, và thêm chín ngôi sao khác cùng Đơn vị Tuyên dương Hải quân cùng hai phần thưởng Đơn vị Tuyên dương Anh dũng Hải quân do thành tích phục vụ trong Chiến tranh Việt Nam. [2] [3]


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