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Day 123 May 22, 2011 - History

Day 123 May 22, 2011 - History

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11:00AM THE PRESIDENT spoke to the American Public Affair Committee.

In the evening he left for Ireland


Freecell Solitaire is a full screen classic solitaire card game. Just like in kondike solitaire, build stacks of cards in descending order and opposite color (red or black). You can drag-and-drop any card into one of the four "free" cells on the top left, but always try to have an exit-strategy for that card.

Beat free cell solitaire by getting all 52 cards into the four suit-oriented foundations in the top-right.

FreeCell is a fun and challenging skill game. This card game is one that can be won almost every time, if you've got the right moves!

Based on Solitaire, FreeCell is a card game played withe one deck of cards. FreeCell has eight tableau piles, four foundations piles, and four open cells. The four foundations are used to place cards, by suits, from Ace to King. The four open cells can be used to place extra cards. Cards may be moved in and out of these free cells.

FreeCell tableau piles are built downwards by alternating colors. You may only move a pile around the board containing 5 or less cards. This is because the cards below the top card are "placed" in the free cells in order to move them. They will not physically be moved, but there must be space available for the pile move to occur.

Place all the cards into the four foundation piles by suit from Ace to King and you are victorious! FreeCell can be enjoyed by all and this version will keep you running back for more. Challenge yourself to a game of FreeCell every day to keep your mind sharp as a tack!

Friends (64 Cards)

Special Mother's Day Candle Wishes!

Mother's Day Wish For Friend!

A Great Mom And A Wonderful Friend!

  • For A Friend On.
  • Happy Mother's Day!
  • Cute Kitty Wishes.
  • Wonderful Mother's Day!
  • A Mom And A Friend!
  • For Your Friend On.
  • Our Friendship Has.
  • Special Teddy.
  • It's Amazing.
  • Mother&rsquos Day Love.
  • You Are A Good Friend.
  • Friends Wishes
  • Sending Best Wishes.
  • To A Special.
  • You&rsquore A.
  • To A Friend And A.
  • The Happy Mother's.
  • Special Mother&rsquoS.

She is your friend and she is also a caring mom. She has her hands full and her heart is overflowing with love. Show your appreciation for her with our Mother's Day ecards and. Browse all 64 cards »

This Day in History

  • 1822 - Boston is incorporated as a city
  • 1836 – The Battle of the Alamo begins in San Antonio, Texas where the entire garrison was all eventually killed
  • 1870 - Mississippi is readmitted to US
  • 1883 – Alabama becomes the first U.S. state to enact an antitrust law
  • 1886 - The London Times publishes the world's 1st classified ad
  • 1896 – The Tootsie Roll is invented by Leo Hirshfield
  • 1904 - US acquired control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million
  • 1905 - Rotary Club International formed by 4 men in Chicago
  • 1915 - Nevada enforces easy divorce law
  • 1940 - Walt Disney's animated movie "Pinocchio," released
  • 1942 – Japanese submarines fire artillery shells at the California coastline near Santa Barbara
  • 1945 - US Marines raise flag on Iwo Jima, famous photo & statue
  • 1967 - 25th amendment (presidential succession) declared ratified
  • 1987 – Supernova 1987a is seen in the Large Magellanic Cloud
  • 1974 - Patty Hearst, daughter of publisher Randolph Hearst, kidnapped by SLA
  • 1997 – In Roslin, Scotland, scientists announce that an adult sheep named Dolly has been successfully cloned.

Chile earthquake of 1960

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Chile earthquake of 1960, the largest earthquake recorded in the 20th century. Originating off the coast of southern Chile on May 22, 1960, the temblor caused substantial damage and loss of life both in that country and—as a result of the tsunamis that it generated—in distant Pacific coastal areas.

How much damage was caused by the Chile earthquake of 1960?

The cities of Puerto Montt and Valdivia experienced extensive damage. Several coastal towns were inundated by a 25-metre (80-foot) tsunami. The combined effects of the disaster left two million people homeless. Though the death toll in Chile was never fully resolved, early estimates of deaths worldwide, ranging into the thousands, were scaled back to 1,655. About 3,000 people were injured. The tsunami traveled across the Pacific Ocean in the hours after the earthquake the waves killed 61 people in Hawaii, nearly 140 in Japan, and 32 in the Philippines.

What caused the Chile earthquake of 1960?

The Nazca plate is a large tectonic plate that underlies the Pacific Ocean near the western coast of South America. It is subducting under (that is, being forced under) the South American plate. A sudden breaking in the rocks along a roughly 560–620-mile (900–1,000-km) stretch of the Nazca Plate caused the earthquake, which has been generally agreed to have had a magnitude of 9.5—the largest earthquake recorded in the 20th century.

How was the tsunami generated?

At the bottom of the Eastern Pacific Ocean, the Nazca plate is being forced under the South American plate. On May 22, 1960, the stress built up by years of increasing compressional force between the rocks of one plate and another was released by fracturing rocks. The force of the sudden movement along a roughly 560–620-mile (900–1,000-km) stretch of the Nazca plate pushed part of the leading edge of the South American plate upward. The shock of this upward thrust also pushed the water above the plate boundary upward, creating a wave that moved outward in all directions.

How does the Chile earthquake of 1960 compare with other recent earthquakes?

With a magnitude of 9.5, the earthquake was the most powerful such event of the 20th century. Other recent earthquakes have caused more damage and loss of life, however. The Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 was caused by a magnitude 9.1 earthquake it killed at least 225,000 people in a dozen countries. The Japan earthquake of 2011 had a magnitude of 9.0 it spawned a tsunami that killed an estimated 19,300 people in Japan and knocked out the electrical power to Japan’s Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, creating the world’s second most serious nuclear emergency.

The earthquake hit at 3:11 pm approximately 100 miles (160 km) off the coast of Chile, parallel to the city of Valdivia. The shock is generally agreed to have had a magnitude of 9.5, though some studies alternately proposed that it may have been 9.4 or 9.6. A series of foreshocks the previous day had warned of the incipient disaster one, of magnitude 8.1, caused major destruction in Concepción. The fault-displacement source of the earthquake extended over an estimated 560–620 mile (900–1,000 km) stretch of the Nazca Plate, which subducted under the South American Plate. As the quake occurred just prior to a revolution in seismologic technology in the 1960s, these figures are based mainly on post hoc analysis.

Many Chilean cities sustained significant damage, including Puerto Montt, where noticeable subsidence occurred, and Valdivia, where nearly half of the buildings were rendered uninhabitable. Though the havoc wreaked by the shaking was not inconsequential, most casualties resulted from the descent 15 minutes later of a tsunami that rose up to 80 feet (25 metres) high on the expanse of Chilean coastline—bounded by the cities of Lebu and Puerto Aisen—that paralleled the subducting plate. The combined effects of the disaster left two million people homeless. Though the death toll was never fully resolved, early estimates ranging into the thousands were scaled back to 1,655. About 3,000 people were injured.

The enormity of the seafloor shifts that caused the tsunamis was such that the waves that arrived nearly 15 hours later in the Hawaiian Islands—6,200 miles (10,000 km) away—still crested at nearly 35 feet (11 metres) at landfall in some places. The waves caused millions of dollars of damage at Hilo Bay on the main island of Hawaii, where they also killed 61 people. When they reached the main Japanese island of Honshu 22 hours after their generation, the waves had subsided to about 18 feet (5.5 metres) and laid waste to over 1,600 homes and killed 138 people. In the Philippines, tsunami waves left 32 dead or missing. Though the oblique angle by which the waves approached the Pacific coast of the United States mitigated their force, Crescent City, California, saw waves of up to 5.6 feet (1.7 metres), and boats and docks in Los Angeles, San Diego, and Long Beach were damaged.

Two days later the Cordón Caulle volcano in Chile’s Lake District erupted after nearly 40 years of inactivity, an event thought by some seismologists to be linked to the quake.

What is Law Day?

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The recent increase in mass shooting incidents across the country comes as no surprise to anyone with an ounce of common-sense. The ease of purchase, and relatively low-cost, of assault-style weapons, particularly AR-15 semi-automatics with large-capacity magazines, makes it possible&hellip

Standing in the Charlestown High School gym, Charlestown’s Patty Suprey could almost hear the sound of the wall-to-wall crowd on that January night in 1980. She could put her feet on the free throw line where she stood and shot&hellip

Solitary confinement should be banned in most cases, UN expert says

A United Nations expert on torture today called on all countries to ban the solitary confinement of prisoners except in very exceptional circumstances and for as short a time as possible, with an absolute prohibition in the case of juveniles and people with mental disabilities.

“Segregation, isolation, separation, cellular, lockdown, Supermax, the hole, Secure Housing Unit… whatever the name, solitary confinement should be banned by States as a punishment or extortion technique,” UN Special Rapporteur on torture Juan E. Méndez told the General Assembly’s third committee, which deals with social, humanitarian and cultural affairs, saying the practice could amount to torture.

“Solitary confinement is a harsh measure which is contrary to rehabilitation, the aim of the penitentiary system,” he stressed in presenting his first interim report on the practice, calling it global in nature and subject to widespread abuse.

Indefinite and prolonged solitary confinement in excess of 15 days should also be subject to an absolute prohibition, he added, citing scientific studies that have established that some lasting mental damage is caused after a few days of social isolation.

“Considering the severe mental pain or suffering solitary confinement may cause, it can amount to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment when used as a punishment, during pre-trial detention, indefinitely or for a prolonged period, for persons with mental disabilities or juveniles,” he warned.

The practice should be used only in very exceptional circumstances and for as short a time as possible, he stressed. “In the exceptional circumstances in which its use is legitimate, procedural safeguards must be followed. I urge States to apply a set of guiding principles when using solitary confinement,” he said.

He told a later news conference these circumstances could include the protection of inmates in cases where they are gay, lesbian or bisexual or otherwise threatened by prison gangs.

There is no universal definition for solitary confinement since the degree of social isolation varies with different practices, but Mr. Méndez defined it as any regime where an inmate is held in isolation from others, except guards, for at least 22 hours a day.

In his report he noted that in the United States an estimated 20,000 to 25,000 individuals are being held in isolation, while in Argentina a prevention of violent behaviour programme consists of isolation for at least nine months and, according to prison monitors, is frequently extended.

He warned of an increased risk of torture in these cases because of the absence of witnesses and said some detainees have been held in solitary confinement facilities for years, without any charge and without trial, as well as in secret detention centres.

Mr. Méndez told the news conference that he had been following the case of US soldier Bradley Manning, detained in connection with his alleged leaking of secret cables to the WikiLeaks website. Mr. Manning was held in solitary confinement for eight months but has now been moved and is no longer subject to the same restrictions, he noted, adding that he would release a report on the issue in a few weeks.

Examples he cited in his report from around the world included Kazakhstan where solitary confinement can last for more than two months, and the US terrorist detention centre in Guantánamo Bay, where experts found that although 30 days of isolation was the maximum period permissible, some detainees were returned to isolation after very short breaks over a period of up to 18 months.

Elsewhere, two prisoners are reported to have been held in solitary confinement in Louisiana, US, for 40 years after attempts for a judicial appeal of their conditions failed, he noted. In China an individual sentenced for “unlawfully supplying State secrets or intelligence to entities outside China” was allegedly held in solitary confinement for two years of her eight-year sentence.

“Social isolation is one of the harmful elements of solitary confinement and its main objective. It reduces meaningful social contact to an absolute minimum,” Mr. Méndez told the committee, noting that a significant number of individuals will experience serious health problems regardless of specific conditions of time, place, and pre-existing personal factors.

He called for an end to solitary confinement in pre-trial detention based solely on the seriousness of the alleged offence, as well as a complete ban on its use for juveniles and persons with mental disabilities.

Solitary confinement for shorter terms or for legitimate disciplinary reasons can amount to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment in cases where the physical conditions of prisons, such as sanitation and access to food and water, violate the inherent dignity of the human person and cause severe mental and physical pain or suffering.

Today’s news conference also heard from Claudio Grossman, chair of the UN Committee against Torture, and Malcolm Evans, chair of the UN Subcommittee on the Prevention of Torture.

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Beltane, also spelled Beltine, Irish Beltaine or Belltaine, also known as Cétamain, festival held on the first day of May in Ireland and Scotland, celebrating the beginning of summer and open pasturing. Beltane is first mentioned in a glossary attributed to Cormac, bishop of Cashel and king of Munster, who was killed in 908. Cormac describes how cattle were driven between two bonfires on Beltane as a magical means of protecting them from disease before they were led into summer pastures—a custom still observed in Ireland in the 19th century. Other festivities included Maypole dances and cutting of green boughs and flowers.

In early Irish lore a number of significant events took place on Beltane, which long remained the focus of folk traditions and tales in Ireland, Scotland, and the Isle of Man. As did other pre-Christian Celtic peoples, the Irish divided the year into two main seasons. Winter and the beginning of the year fell on November 1 (Irish: Samain) and midyear and summer on May 1 (Irish: Beltaine). These two junctures were thought to be critical periods when the bounds between the human and supernatural worlds were temporarily erased on May Eve witches and fairies roamed freely, and measures had to be taken against their enchantments.

Cormac derives the word Beltaine from the name of a god Bel, or Bil, and the Old Irish word tene, “fire.” Despite linguistic difficulties, a number of 20th-century scholars have maintained modified versions of this etymology, linking the first element of the word with the Gaulish god Belenos (Irish: Belenus).

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica This article was most recently revised and updated by Adam Augustyn, Managing Editor, Reference Content.

Watch the video: No SX today - s1mple conflicting with his girlfriend! English subs. csgo (August 2022).