Operation Downfall was the name given to the planned invasion of Japan. Operation Downfall itself was divided into two parts - Operation Olympic and Operation Coronet. By mid-1945, it was apparent that the collapse of Japan was near and the Allies had to plan for the invasion of the Japanese mainland - something that they knew would be very costly in terms of lives lost.
Category History Podcasts
Battle of the River Plate Battle of Britain The Battle of Gazala The Battle of El Alamein The Battle of Moscow The Battle of Stalingrad The fall of Singapore The Battle of Kursk The Battle of Brittany The Battle of Arnhem The Battle of the Bulge The Battle of Berlin The Battle of Coral Sea The Battle of Midway The Battle of Guadalcanal The Battle of the Philippine Sea The Battle of Iwo Jima The Battle of Okinawa
Nikita Khrushchev Spies of the Cold War Era The Prague Spring of 1968 Leonid Brezhnev Alexei Kosygin Alexander Dubcek The Nuclear Arms Race The Nuclear Winter B53 Bomb Detente Soviet invasion of Afghanistan The Malta Summit 1989 Project Azorian Cold War chronology Causes of the Cold War in 1945 What was the Cold War?
USA 1918 The Jazz Age The Red Scare in the 1920 The KKK and racial problems Prohibition and the Gangsters America in the 1920's The New Deal Wall Street Crash of 1929 and its aftermath Farmers and the New Deal Opposition to the New Deal Was the New Deal a success
Bomber Command 1939 Bomber Command 1944 Bombing and World War Two Bomber Command Statistics The Thousand Bomber Raid The bombing of Hamburg in 1943 Memories of the Hamburg Raid The Bombing of Dresden Windows German Night Fighters The Avro Lancaster Bomber Roy Chadwick The Manchester Bomber B17 Flying Fortress The Dambusters Guy Gibson The Death of Guy Gibson Barnes Wallis Bomber Harris and the Dambusters Bomber Command Memorial
Timeline of Falklands War of 1982 The Falkland Islands - a background The causes of the Falklands War of 1982 Margaret Thatcher Sir John Nott Alexander Haig General Leopoldo Galtieri Admiral 'Sandy' Woodward Task Force South South Georgia 1982 General Belgrano HMS Sheffield The landings at San Carlos Bay The retaking of the Falkland Islands San Carlos Waters HMS Ardent Battle of Goose Green Lieutenant Colonel H Jones Memories of Goose Green Fitzroy and the Welsh Guards Battle for Two Sisters Battle of Mount Harriet Battle for Mount Longdon Sergeant Ian Mackay Battle for Mount Tumbledown Battle for Wireless Ridge The Royal Marines The Parachute Regiment The Sea King helicopter The Lynx helicopter The Wessex Helicopter The Sea Harrier
Education was very important to the Ancient Romans. The rich people in Ancient Rome put a great deal of faith in education. While the poor in Ancient Rome did not receive a formal education, many still learned to read and write. Children from rich families, however, were well schooled and were taught by a private tutor at home or went to what we would recognise as schools.
The Roman Empire included most of what would now be considered Western Europe. The empire was conquered by the Roman Army and a Roman way of life was established in these conquered countries. The main countries conquered were England/Wales (then known as Britannia), Spain (Hispania), France (Gaul or Gallia), Greece (Achaea), the Middle East (Judea) and the North African coastal region.
The laws introduced by William the Conqueror after his victory at Hastings in 1066, had an impact on everybody in England. These laws were introduced by William to control the English. William has gained a reputation of being nothing more than a tyrant in England. However, these laws, designed to control a conquered nation, could have been a lot worse.
Sussex is extensively reported in the Domesday Book and many modern day towns and villages can be found in it. Therefore, the Domesday Book is a valuable source for historians trying to find out about Sussex in the late 11th Century after the impact of 1066 and the Battle of Hastings. William the Conqueror landed at Pevensey Bay in Sussex in 1066.
Very few people cared about the poor in Medieval England and the lifestyle of peasants was harsh with no structured support services available to them if things went wrong - though a local monastery or convent might help though this depended on the abbot or mother superior in charge. This is a poem called “ The Crede of Piers the Ploughman “.
The most important aspect of heraldry was the charge. A charge was the name given to the main object that was to be painted on a shield and as such was the most visible part of it. Once a charge has been added, the shield was said to be 'charged with' whatever object had bens elected. A charge could be simply based around a pattern provided by ordinaries or subordinaries.
Feudalism is the name given to the system of government William I introduced to England after he defeated Harold at the Battle of Hastings. Feudalism became a way of life in Medieval England and remained so for many centuries. William I is better known as William the Conqueror. He had defeated the English army lead by Harold but he had to gain control of all of England before he could be truly called king of England.
Medieval names were about identifying you in Medieval England. What we now take for granted - our surnames - had a specific purpose in Medieval England. Before 1066, people in England only had a single Christian name. After 1066 and William's victory at the Battle of Hastings, the Norman's introduced a more precise system that included a surname and by the Twelfth Century, English society had what we might recognise as Christian names and surnames.
Most people in Medieval England had to make their own food. Food shops were found in towns but most people were peasants who lived in villages where these did not exist. In Medieval England you, if a villager, provided for yourself and farming for your own food was a way of life dictated by the work that had to be carried out during the farming year.